Author(s): Suzuki T
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Abstract Peptide:N-glycanase (PNGase) releases N-glycans from glycoproteins/glycopeptides. Cytoplasmic PNGase is widely recognized as a component of machinery for ER-associated degradation (ERAD), i.e. proteasomal degradation of misfolded, newly synthesized (glyco)proteins that have been exported from the ER. The enzyme belongs to the "transglutaminase superfamily" that contains a putative catalytic triad of cysteine, histidine, and aspartic acid. The mammalian orthologues of PNGase contain the N-terminal PUB domain that serves as the protein-protein interaction domain. The C-terminus of PNGase was recently found to be a novel carbohydrate-binding domain. Taken together, these observations indicate that C-terminus of mammalian PNGase is important for recognition of the substrates while N-terminus of this enzyme is involved in assembly of a degradation complex.
This article was published in Semin Cell Dev Biol
and referenced in Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics