Author(s): Kiuru J, Viinikka L, Myllyl G, Pesonen K, Perheentupa J
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Abstract To study the source of immunoreactive epidermal growth factor (ir-EGF) released by thrombin formation we removed 99.9\% of the leukocytes normally present in platelet-rich plasma and induced coagulation with 30 mM of Ca2+. The absence of leukocytes did not reduce the amount of ir-EGF released; thus platelets are most likely the only source of the ir-EGF released during aggregation. To identify the site of ir-EGF in platelets we exposed washed platelets to collagen or thrombin and compared the kinetics of releases of ir-EGF, beta-thromboglobulin (bTG, an alfa-granule marker), ATP (dense granule marker), N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase (NAGA, a lysosome marker) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH, a cytoplasmic marker). Release of ir-EGF started immediately and continued linearly. The process differed clearly from the releases of the granule markers, which occurred readily, and were completed in a few minutes. The release of ir-EGF also differed from the leakage of LDH, the start of which was delayed greater than 5 min, but then proceeded linearly. Cytochalasin B inhibited the release of hEGF, but demecolcine had no effect. We conclude that the ir-EGF released from platelets during aggregation derives neither from the granules nor the cytoplasma. The assembly of cytoskeleton is needed for its release.
This article was published in Life Sci
and referenced in Biology and Medicine