Author(s): Bielawska A, Popawska B, Surazyski A, Czarnomysy R, Bielawski K
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Abstract Evaluation of the cytotoxicity of a novel dinuclear platinum(II) complex of formula Pt(2)(2-picoline)(4)(berenil)(2) employing a MTT assay and inhibition of [(3)H]thymidine incorporation into DNA in both MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 breast cancer cells demonstrated that the complex was more of a potent antiproliferative agent than cisplatin. The DNA-binding ability of Pt(2)(2-picoline)(4)(berenil)(2) estimated by an ethidium displacement assay indicated that the complex showed strong specificity for AT base pairs in the minor groove of DNA. Our study showed that Pt(2)(2-picoline)(4)(berenil)(2) was a potent catalytic inhibitor of topoisomerase II in opposition to cisplatin. Pt(2)(2-picoline)(4)(berenil)(2) was found to be a more active inhibitor of collagen biosynthesis than cisplatin. The up regulation of beta(1)-integrin and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) receptor expression by the complex was shown to be accompanied by an increase in the expression of mitogen activated protein kinases in breast cell lines. The phenomenon was related to the increased expression of nuclear factor-kappaB (NuF-kappaBeta) by Pt(2)(2-picoline)(4)(berenil)(2) as shown by the Western immunoblot analysis. Flow cytometric analysis and a fluorescent microscopy assay demonstrated that cell death appeared to result from apoptosis, with the possibility of secondary necrosis. The data presented suggested that Pt(2)(2-picoline)(4)(berenil)(2) impaired growth and metabolism of breast cancer cells more efficiently than cisplatin. These results indicated also the different properties of Pt(2)(2-picoline)(4)(berenil)(2) and cisplatin. Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Eur J Pharmacol
and referenced in Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access