Author(s): Rudolf K, Cervinka M, Rudolf E
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Abstract Cytotoxicity and apoptosis induced by etoposide were studied during 72 hr in human melanoma cells. Etoposide initiated DNA-damage signaling via ATM kinase and activated p53 pathway and caspase-2. In response to treatment with etoposide, mitochondria of melanoma cells first increased their abundance and activity, and at later treatment intervals their dynamic behavior and functions became suppressed. Observed mitochondrial perturbation was not preceded by membrane potential loss but cytochrome c release was observed together with a rise in caspase-9 and caspase-3 activities. The pharmacological inhibition of relevant induced targets proved the importance of ATM and caspase-2 in etoposide-mediated cytotoxicity and apoptosis.
This article was published in Cancer Invest
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Dermatology Research