Author(s): Black AE, Cole TJ, Wiles SJ, White F, Black AE, Cole TJ, Wiles SJ, White F, Black AE, Cole TJ, Wiles SJ, White F, Black AE, Cole TJ, Wiles SJ, White F
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Abstract This paper examines the day to day variation in energy intake of 48 breast-fed infants studied by 4-day diet records at monthly intervals from 6 weeks to 7 1/2 months and of 37 fully weaned infants studied at 10, 12, 15 and 18 months. Variation was low in the fully breast-fed infants, increased as solids were introduced, and at 18 months, approached values found for adults. Pooled within-subject coefficient of variation (CVw) at 1-3, 3-5, 5-7, 10 + 12, and 15 + 18 months was 10.6, 10.6, 12.0, 13.6, 18.1 per cent. Between-subject coefficient of variation (CVb) was 20.1, 19.3, 16.9, 19.4 and 23.3 per cent at these ages. Some individuals were more variable than others; the range of CVw at each age was wide; at 2-4 and 15-18 months it was 1-21 and 6-30 per cent respectively. The number of daily records needed to assess energy intake of groups of individuals with a specified degree of confidence is discussed together with implications for the planning of dietary surveys.
This article was published in Hum Nutr Appl Nutr
and referenced in Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy