alexa Damage to type II collagen in aging and osteoarthritis starts at the articular surface, originates around chondrocytes, and extends into the cartilage with progressive degeneration.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Molecular Imaging & Dynamics

Author(s): Hollander AP, Pidoux I, Reiner A, Rorabeck C, Bourne R,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Enhanced denaturation of type II collagen fibrils in femoral condylar cartilage in osteoarthritis (OA) has recently been quantitated immunochemically (Hollander, A.P., T.F. Heathfield, C. Webber, Y. Iwata, R. Bourne, C. Rorabeck, and A.R. Poole. 1994. J. Clin. Invest. 93:1722-1732). Using the same antibody that only reacts with denatured type II collagen, we investigated with immunoperoxidase histochemistry (results were graded for analysis) the sites of the denaturation (loss of triple helix) of this molecule in human aging (at autopsy, n= 11) and progressively degenerate (by Mankin grade [MG]) OA (at arthroplasty, n= 51) knee condylar cartilages. Up to 41 yr, most aging cartilages (3 of 4) (MG 0-4) showed very little denaturation. In most older cartilages, (4 of 7) (MG 2-4), staining was observed in the superficial and mid zones. This pattern of collagen II denaturation was also seen in all OA specimens with increased staining extending to the deep zone with increasing MG. Collagen II staining correlated directly both with MG and collagen II denaturation measured by immunoassay. Cartilage fibrillation occurred in OA cartilages with increased penetration of the staining for collagen II denaturation into the mid and deep zones and where denaturation was more pronounced by immunoassay. Thus in both aging and OA the first damage to type II collagen occurs in the superficial and upper mid zone (low MG) extending to the lower mid and deep zones with increasing degeneration (increasing MG). Initial damage is always seen around chondrocytes implicating them in the denaturation of type II collagen.
This article was published in J Clin Invest and referenced in Journal of Molecular Imaging & Dynamics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version