alexa Daptomycin versus vancomycin for bloodstream infections due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus with a high vancomycin minimum inhibitory concentration: a case-control study.
Microbiology

Microbiology

Journal of Antimicrobial Agents

Author(s): Moore CL, OsakiKiyan P, Haque NZ, Perri MB, Donabedian S,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Reports have found a link between vancomycin treatment failure in methicillin-resistant Staphyloccocus aureus (MRSA) bloodstream infections (BSIs) and higher vancomycin minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs), despite MICs being below the susceptibility breakpoint of 2 μg/mL. Consensus guidelines recommend considering use of alternative agents for infections involving a higher vancomycin MIC, despite few data to support this approach. METHODS: This retrospective case-control study evaluated the effectiveness and safety of vancomycin, compared with that of daptomycin, in the treatment of MRSA BSIs with a high vancomycin MIC (ie, >1 μg/mL). RESULTS: A total of 118 vancomycin-treated subjects were compared with 59 daptomycin-treated subjects. Clinical failure, defined compositely as mortality, microbiologic failure, and/or recurrence of infection, was numerically lower in daptomycin-treated subjects (31\% vs 17\%; P = .084) and was mainly driven by a lower incidence of mortality in the daptomycin group (20\% vs 9\%; P = .046). Factors independently associated with clinical failure included acute renal failure (odds ratio [OR], 3.91 [95\% confidence interval {CI}, 1.05-14.56]) and vancomycin treatment group (OR, 3.13 [95\%, CI, 1.00-9.76]). Right-sided endocarditis was independently associated with clinical success (OR, 0.07 [95\% CI, .01-.83]). A comparison of 60-day mortality between vancomycin- and daptomycin-treated subjects found a higher probability of survival in the daptomycin-treated group (P = .022). CONCLUSIONS: The results demonstrated that daptomycin was associated with a better outcome compared with vancomycin for the treatment of BSIs due to MRSA with higher vancomycin MICs. These findings support the recommendations of recent guidelines, which suggest consideration of the switch to alternative agents when the isolate has a high vancomycin MIC or when patients are not improving during receipt of therapy. This article was published in Clin Infect Dis and referenced in Journal of Antimicrobial Agents

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version