Author(s): Murano I, Barbatelli G, Parisani V, Latini C, Muzzonigro G,
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Abstract Accumulation of visceral fat is a key phenomenon in the onset of obesity-associated metabolic disorders. Macrophage infiltration induces chronic mild inflammation widely considered as a causative factor for insulin resistance and eventually diabetes. We previously showed that >90\% of macrophages infiltrating the adipose tissue of obese animals and humans are arranged around dead adipocytes, forming characteristic crown-like structures (CLS). In this study we quantified CLS in visceral and subcutaneous depots from two strains of genetically obese mice, db/db and ob/ob. In both strains, CLS were prevalent in visceral compared with subcutaneous fat. Adipocyte size and CLS density exhibited a positive correlation both in visceral and in subcutaneous depots; however, the finding that adipocyte size was smallest and CLS density highest in visceral fat suggests a different susceptibility of visceral and subcutaneous adipocytes to death. Visceral fat CLS density was 3.4-fold greater in db/db than in ob/ob animals, which at the age at which our experimental strain was used are more prone to glucose metabolic disorders.
This article was published in J Lipid Res
and referenced in Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology