Author(s): Parshetti GK, Doong RA
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Abstract The highly reactive bimetallic Fe/Ni nanoparticles immobilized in nylon 66 and PVDF membranes were synthesized and characterized for dechlorination of trichloroethylene (TCE) under anoxic conditions. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images and electron probe microanalysis (EPMA) elemental maps showed that the distribution of Fe in nylon 66 membrane was uniform and the intensity of Ni layer was higher than that in PVDF membrane. The particle sizes of bimetallic Fe/Ni in PVDF and nylon 66 membranes were 81+/-12 and 55+/-14 nm with the Ni layers of 12+/-3 and 15+/-2 nm, respectively. Low agglomeration of immobilized Fe/Ni nanoparticles in nylon 66 membrane was observed, presumably attributed to the more multifunctional chelating groups in membrane. A rapid hydrodechlorination of TCE with ethane as the main end product was observed by the immobilized Fe/Ni nanoparticles. The pseudo-first-order rate constants for TCE dechlorination were 6.44+/-0.32 and 1.66+/-0.08 h(-1) for nylon 66 and PVDF membranes, respectively. In addition, the efficiency and rate of TCE dechlorination increased upon increasing the mass loading of Ni, ranging between 2.5 and 20 wt\%, and then decreased when further increased the Ni loading to 25 wt\%. In addition, the stability and longevity of the immobilized Fe/Ni nanoparticles was evaluated by repeatedly injecting TCE into the solutions. A rapid and complete dechlorination of TCE by trace amounts of Fe/Ni nanoparticles was observed after 16 cycles of injection within 10 days, indicating that the immobilization of Fe/Ni nanoparticles in the hydrophilic nylon 66 membrane can retain the longevity and high reactivity of nanoparticles towards TCE dechlorination.
This article was published in Water Res
and referenced in Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology