Author(s): Di Giambenedetto S, Bracciale L, Colafigli M, Cattani P, Pinnetti C, , Di Giambenedetto S, Bracciale L, Colafigli M, Cattani P, Pinnetti C,
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Abstract OBJECTIVES: A major barrier to successful viral suppression in HIV type 1 (HIV-1)-infected individuals is the emergence of virus resistant to antiretroviral drugs. We explored the evolution of genotypic drug resistance prevalence in treatment-failing patients from 1999 to 2005 in a clinical cohort. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prevalence of major International AIDS Society-USA HIV-1 drug resistance mutations was measured over calendar years in a population with treatment failure and undergoing resistance testing. Predictors of the presence of resistance mutations were analysed by logistic regression. RESULTS: Significant reductions of the prevalence of resistance to all three drug classes examined were observed. This was accompanied by a reduction in the proportion of treatment-failing patients. Independent predictors of drug resistance were the earlier calendar year, prior use of suboptimal nucleoside analogue therapy, male sex and higher CD4 levels at testing. CONCLUSIONS: In a single clinical cohort, we observed a decrease in the prevalence of resistance to all three examined antiretroviral drug classes over time. If this finding is confirmed in multicentre cohorts it may translate into reduced transmission of drug-resistant virus from treated patients.
This article was published in Antivir Ther
and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research