alexa Decolorization and detoxification of extraction-stage effluent from chlorine bleaching of kraft pulp by Rhizopus oryzae.
Toxicology

Toxicology

Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology

Author(s): Nagarathnamma R, Bajpai P, Nagarathnamma R, Bajpai P

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Abstract Rhizopus oryzae, a zygomycete, was found to decolorize, dechlorinate, and detoxify bleach plant effluent at lower cosubstrate concentrations than the basidiomycetes previously investigated. With glucose at 1 g/liter, this fungus removed 92 to 95\% of the color, 50\% of the chemical oxygen demand, 72\% of the adsorbable organic halide, and 37\% of the extractable organic halide in 24 h at temperatures of 25 to 45 degrees C and a pH of 3 to 5. Even without added cosubstrate the fungus removed up to 78\% of the color. Monomeric chlorinated aromatic compounds were removed almost completely, and toxicity to zebra fish was eliminated. The fungal mycelium could be immobilized in polyurethane foam and used repeatedly to treat batches of effluent. The residue after treatment was not further improved by exposure to fresh R. oryzae mycelium.
This article was published in Appl Environ Microbiol and referenced in Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology

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