Author(s): Lashin OM, Szweda PA, Szweda LI, Romani AM
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Abstract Several lines of research suggest that mitochondria play a role in the etiopathogenesis of diabetic cardiomyopathy, although the mechanisms involved are still debated. In the present study, we report that State 3 oxygen consumption decreases by approximately 35\% with glutamate and by approximately 30\% with succinate in mitochondria from diabetic rat hearts compared to controls. In these mitochondria the enzymatic activities of complex I and complex II are also decreased to a comparable extent. Western blot analysis of mitochondrial protein pattern using antibodies recognizing proteins modified by the lipid peroxidation product 4-hydroxynonenal indicates the FAD-containing subunit of succinate dehydrogenase as one of the targets of this highly reactive aldehyde. In rats diabetic for 6 or 12 weeks, insulin supplementation for 2 weeks decreases the level of protein modified by 4-hydroxynonenal and restores mitochondrial respiration and enzyme activity to control level. Taken together, these results: (1) indicate that 4-hydroxynonenal is endogenously produced within diabetic mitochondria and forms an adduct with selective mitochondrial proteins, (2) identify one of these proteins as a subunit of succinate dehydrogenase, and (3) provide strong evidence that insulin treatment can reverse and ameliorate free radical damage and mitochondrial function under diabetic conditions.
This article was published in Free Radic Biol Med
and referenced in Bioenergetics: Open Access