alexa Decreased expression of the embryonic form of the neural cell adhesion molecule in schizophrenic brains.
Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics

Author(s): Barbeau D, Liang JJ, Robitalille Y, Quirion R, Srivastava LK

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The regulated expression of neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) isoforms in the brain is critical for many neurodevelopmental processes including neurulation, axonal outgrowth, and the establishment of neuronal connectivity. We have investigated the expression of the major adult isoforms of NCAM (NCAM-180, NCAM-140, and NCAM-120) and its embryonic highly polysialylated isoform (PSA-NCAM) in the hippocampal region of postmortem brains from 10 schizophrenic and 11 control individuals. Immunohistochemical analysis with a monoclonal antibody recognizing the PSA-NCAM revealed immunoreactivity primarily in the dentate gyrus and in a subset of cells in the hilus region. We have observed a 20-95\% reduction in the number of hilar PSA-NCAM-immunoreactive cells in the great majority of schizophrenic brains. The change in PSA-NCAM immunoreactivity is not obvious in other hippocampal subfields. Western blots of tissues from the hippocampal region (as well as from the frontal cortex) probed with a polyclonal antibody recognizing all NCAM isoforms did not reveal significant changes in the overall expression of NCAM, suggesting that the decrease in PSA-NCAM-immunoreactive cells may be related to post-translational processing of the molecule. The expression of this embryonic form of NCAM has been proposed to be related to synaptic rearrangement and plasticity. Therefore, the decrease in PSA-NCAM immunoreactivity in schizophrenic hippocampi may suggest an altered plasticity of this structure in a large proportion of schizophrenic brains. These findings may bear significance to the "neurodevelopmental hypothesis" of schizophrenia.
This article was published in Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A and referenced in Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 3rd International Conference on Transcriptomics
    October 30 - November 01, 2017 Bangkok, Thailand

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords