Author(s): Shu L, Park JL, Byun J, Pennathur S, Kollmeyer J,
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Abstract Fabry disease is a lysosomal storage disorder that results in an accumulation of globotriaosylceramide in vascular tissue secondary to a deficiency in alpha-galactosidase A. The glycolipid-associated vasculopathy results in strokes and cardiac disease, but the basis for these complications is poorly understood. Recent studies in the alpha-galactosidase A-knockout mouse suggested that a decrease in nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability may play a role in the abnormal thrombosis, atherogenesis, and vasorelaxation that are characteristic of these mice. To understand better the association between impaired NO bioavailability and glycolipid accumulation, we studied alpha-galactosidase A-knockout mice or primary cultures of their aortic endothelial cells. Treatment of knockout mice with a potent inhibitor of glucosylceramide synthase reversed accumulation of globotriaosylceramide but failed to normalize the defect in vasorelaxation. Basal and insulin-stimulated endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) activities in endothelial cells derived from knockout mice were lower than those observed from wild-type mice; normalization of glycolipid only partially reversed this reduction in eNOS activity. The loss of eNOS activity associated with a decrease in high molecular weight caveolin oligomers in endothelial cells and isolated caveolae, suggesting a role for glycolipids in caveolin assembly. Finally, concentrations of ortho-tyrosine and nitrotyrosine in knockout endothelial cells were markedly elevated compared with wild-type endothelial cells. These findings are consistent with a loss of NO bioavailability, associated with eNOS uncoupling, in the alpha-galactosidase A-knockout mouse.
This article was published in J Am Soc Nephrol
and referenced in Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics