alexa Decreasing intradental nerve activity in the cat with potassium and divalent cations.
Dentistry

Dentistry

Dentistry

Author(s): Markowitz K, Bilotto G, Kim S

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Nerve activity was recorded from deep dentinal cavities in the canine teeth to assess the possible influence of potassium and divalent cations in decreasing this activity in hypersensitive teeth. The decreased activity after the topical application of 0.756 mol/l KCl to the cavity was primarily due to the cation. KCl elicited a biphasic response from intradental nerves, an initial transient excitatory response followed by a prolonged inhibitory period. During the inhibitory period 3 mol/l NaCl, an effective excitatory stimulus, failed to evoke intradental nerve activity. However, with time the response to 3 mol/l NaCl eventually recovered to its previous control level. Close, intra-arterial injection of KCl showed the same biphasic response and time-course of intradental nerve activity as with topical application. Therefore, whether KCl was applied topically or injected its effectiveness in altering the nerve activity was similar. Pretreatment of the dentinal cavity with CaCl2, MgCl2 or SrCl2 greatly reduced the response of intradental nerves to KCl. Therefore these divalent cations seem to have a depressant action on pulpal nerve fibres. The mechanism of action of KCl seems to be an alteration of K+ concentration immediately surrounding the intradental nerves which presumably depolarizes the nerve fibre membrane and elicits an initial firing of action potentials. Because of the persisting high levels of extracellular potassium a sustained depolarized state occurs that results in an inactivation of the action potential. Divalent cations appear to depress the excitability of the nerve cell membrane without altering membrane potential. Such ionic agents could be used in conjunction with KCl as a possible treatment for hypersensitive teeth.
This article was published in Arch Oral Biol and referenced in Dentistry

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords