alexa Dectin-2 is a pattern recognition receptor for fungi that couples with the Fc receptor gamma chain to induce innate immune responses.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Sato K, Yang XL, Yudate T, Chung JS, Wu J,

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Abstract Antigen presenting cells recognize pathogens via pattern recognition receptors (PRR), which upon ligation transduce intracellular signals that can induce innate immune responses. Because some C-type lectin-like receptors (e.g. dectin-1 and DCSIGN) were shown to act as PRR for particular microbes, we considered a similar role for dectin-2. Binding assays using soluble dectin-2 receptors showed the extracellular domain to bind preferentially to hyphal (rather than yeast/conidial) components of Candida albicans, Microsporum audouinii, and Trichophyton rubrum. Selective binding for hyphae was also observed using RAW macrophages expressing dectin-2, the ligation of which by hyphae or cross-linking with dectin-2-specific antibody led to protein tyrosine phosphorylation. Because dectin-2 lacks an intracellular signaling motif, we searched for a signal adaptor that permits it to transduce intracellular signals. First, we found that the Fc receptor gamma (FcRgamma) chain can bind to dectin-2. Second, ligation of dectin-2 on RAW cells induced tyrosine phosphorylation of FcRgamma, activation of NF-kappaB, internalization of a surrogate ligand, and up-regulated secretion of tumor necrosis factor alpha and interleukin-1 receptor antagonist. Finally, these dectin-2-induced events were blocked by PP2, an inhibitor of Src kinases that are mediators for FcRgamma chain-dependent signaling. We conclude that dectin-2 is a PRR for fungi that employs signaling through FcRgamma to induce innate immune responses. This article was published in J Biol Chem and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

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