Author(s): Barrett NA, Rahman OM, Fernandez JM, Parsons MW, Xing W, , Barrett NA, Rahman OM, Fernandez JM, Parsons MW, Xing W,
Abstract Share this page
Abstract The innate signaling pathways for Th2 immunity activated by inhaled antigens are not well defined. We previously identified Dectin-2 as a receptor for glycans in allergen extracts from the house dust mite Dermatophagoides farinae (Df) that mediates cysteinyl leukotriene (cys-LT) generation from pulmonary CD11c+ cells and from GM-CSF-cultured bone marrow cells (BMCs(GM-CSF)). Using lentiviral knockdown of Dectin-2 in BMCs(GM-CSF) and adoptive transfer of Df-pulsed BMCs(GM-CSF) to sensitize naive mice, we now report that Dectin-2 is critical for the development of Df-elicited eosinophilic and neutrophilic pulmonary inflammation and Th2 cytokine generation in the lungs and restimulated lymph nodes. Sensitization with Df-pulsed BMCs(GM-CSF) from LTC(4) synthase (LTC(4)S)-deficient mice or type 1 cys-LT receptor (CysLT1R)-deficient mice demonstrated that both proteins were required for Df-elicited eosinophilic pulmonary inflammation and Th2 cytokine generation in the lungs and restimulated lymph nodes. Direct sensitization and challenge of Ltc4s-/- and Cysltr1-/- mice confirmed that cys-LTs mediate these parameters of Df-elicited Th2 pulmonary inflammation. Thus, the Dectin-2-cys-LT pathway is critical for the induction of Th2 immunity to a major allergen, in part through CysLT1R. These findings identify a previously unrecognized link between a myeloid C-type lectin receptor and Th2 immunity.
This article was published in J Exp Med
and referenced in Immunogenetics: Open Access