alexa Defaulting from DOTS and its determinants in three districts of Arsi Zone in Ethiopia.
Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy

Author(s): Tekle B, Mariam DH, Ali A, Tekle B, Mariam DH, Ali A, Tekle B, Mariam DH, Ali A, Tekle B, Mariam DH, Ali A

Abstract Share this page

Abstract SETTING: Three districts of Oromia Region in Arzi Zone, Ethiopia. OBJECTIVES: To determine the rate of defaulting from directly observed treatment, short course (DOTS) for tuberculosis and identify associated factors. DESIGN: A case control study. Records of 1367 new tuberculosis patients put on DOTS during a period of 30 months (1 July 1997-31 December 1999) were reviewed to determine the defaulting rate. Cases were defaulters and controls were selected by paired matching of sex and age using the lottery method. All study subjects were actively traced and interviewed by trained interviewers using a pre-tested structured questionnaire. RESULTS: The overall rate of defaulting from DOTS was calculated to be 11.3\%, while the rate in sputum smear-positive cases was 11.6\%. Defaulting was highest (81\%) during the continuation phase of treatment. Medication side effects were significantly associated with defaulting (OR = 4.20, 95\% CI 1.51-11.66), while adequate knowledge and family support were found to be possible protective factors (OR = 0.04, 95\% CI 0.02-0.1 and OR = 0.19, 95\% CI 0.08-0.46, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Major factors contributing to high rates of defaulting were found to be lack of family support, inadequate knowledge about treatment duration and medication side effects. Control programmes that take these factors into consideration should be successful in reducing defaulting.
This article was published in Int J Tuberc Lung Dis and referenced in Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords