alexa Defects in iodide metabolism in thyroid cancer and implications for the follow-up and treatment of patients.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Thyroid Disorders & Therapy

Author(s): Schlumberger M, Lacroix L, Russo D, Filetti S, Bidart JM, Schlumberger M, Lacroix L, Russo D, Filetti S, Bidart JM

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The two major steps of iodine metabolism--uptake and organification--are altered in thyroid cancer tissues. Organification defects result in a rapid discharge of radioiodine from thyroid cells, a short effective half-life of iodine, and a low rate of thyroid hormone synthesis. These defects are mainly due to decreased expression of functional genes encoding the sodium-iodide symporter and thyroid peroxidase and could result in a low radiation dose to thyroid cancer cells. TSH stimulation that is achieved with injections of recombinant human TSH, or long-term withdrawal of thyroid hormone treatment increases iodine-131 uptake in two-thirds of patients with metastatic disease and increases thyroglobulin production in all patients with metastases, even in the absence of detectable uptake. Serum thyroglobulin determination obtained following TSH stimulation and neck ultrasonography is the most sensitive combination for the detection of small tumor foci. Radioiodine treatment is effective when a high radiation dose can be delivered (in patients with high uptake and retention of radioiodine) and when tumor foci are sensitive to the effects of radiation therapy (younger patients, with a well-differentiated tumor and/or with small metastases). The other patients rarely respond to radioiodine treatment, and when progression occurs, other treatment modalities should be considered. Novel strategies are currently being explored to restore iodine uptake in cancer cells that are unable to concentrate radioiodine. This article was published in Nat Clin Pract Endocrinol Metab and referenced in Journal of Thyroid Disorders & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version