alexa Defensins and cathelicidins in gastrointestinal infections.
Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Journal of Computer Science & Systems Biology

Author(s): Wehkamp J, Schauber J, Stange EF

Abstract Share this page

Abstract PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review recently published studies presenting novel and relevant information on antimicrobial peptides in gastrointestinal infections. RECENT FINDINGS: Defensins and cathelicidins are important antimicrobial peptides expressed by the gastrointestinal epithelium. Their localization and regulation have been the focus of current research establishing the relevance of these peptides both in counteracting an attack by pathogens as well as in controlling the endogenous bacterial flora. In the small intestine, Paneth cell alpha-defensins maintain a low level of microorganisms and regulate the composition of the bacterial flora. In contrast, a constitutive beta-defensin can be found in nearly all gastrointestinal tissues. Other relevant beta-defensins as well as human cathelicidin are inducible by inflammation or infections. Thus Helicobacter pylori enhances defensin expression in the gastric mucosa and Campylobacter jejuni and Salmonella provoke a similar response in the colon. Other pathogenic bacteria may suppress the antimicrobial peptide response as an escape strategy. Notably, the therapeutic induction of cathelicidins alleviates experimental shigellosis, suggesting a future role of endogenous antibiotics in medical therapy. SUMMARY: These recent findings together with a better understanding of underlying mechanisms involved in the regulation and biology of antimicrobial peptides will open up new therapeutic avenues to battle infections. This article was published in Curr Opin Gastroenterol and referenced in Journal of Computer Science & Systems Biology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version