alexa Definition of a "domestic-setting corpse"--a retrospective study of 211 discoveries
General Science

General Science

Journal of Forensic Research

Author(s): Merz M, Heidorn F, Birngruber CG, Ramsthaler F, Risse M, Kreutz K, Krhahn J, Verhoff MA

Abstract Share this page

In Germany, the term "domestic-setting corpse" is regularly used both in the medicolegal field (daily work, specialist literature) and by the general public (press, novels). The only formal definition of the term is in the German-language textbook "Basiswissen Rechtsmedizin" (Madea and Dettmeyer 2007). In this retrospective study, we compared the criteria for this definition with our findings. Autopsy reports from the Institute of Forensic Medicine at the Justus Liebig University in Giessen, Germany, for the period between 2005 and 2011 (including February), were reviewed retropectively to see if the criteria for this formal definition could be found. We chose a postmortem interval of more than 24 hours and discovery of the corpse in a private home as inclusion criteria for our study (n = 211). We could verify four of the criteria for the definition ("advanced signs of decomposition", "reclusiveness", "unclear cause of death", "difficult to identify") in our study. One criterion ("frequently a long postmortem interval") was too vague to be of use, and two further criteria ("discovery circumstances" and "high frequency of active alcohol dependence") could only be partially confirmed. In almost half of our cases there were, however, signs of general substance abuse. The proportion of male "domestic-setting corpses" was distinctly higher than that of females (approx. 3:1). The average age-at-death was 50.1 years for men, and 57.8 years for women, and thus clearly below the average life expectancies. In over half of the cases - even those with explicitly mentioned advanced facial decay--the identification method had not been noted. In the formal definition, the criteria "discovery circumstances" and "alcoholism" thus need to be more precisely defined. Also, due to the inexplicit time range, the criterion "frequently a long postmortem interval" was too vague to be applied to, or compared with, our cases as a classic criterion. We suggest specifying a minimum postmortem interval of 24 hours for "domestic-setting corpses". In addition, more attention should be paid to the identification of "domestic-setting corpses". To date, investigation authorities frequently seem to assume that a corpse discovered in a private residence is that of the home owner or occupant.

  • To read the full article Visit
  • Open Access
This article was published in Archives of Kriminolie and referenced in Journal of Forensic Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

  • Saroj Velamakanni
    Multiparameter analysis using cell cycle biomarkers for breast cancer: Prognostic and predictive implications
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Xiao-Song He
    Distinct priming effect of live attenuated versus inactivated influenza vaccines in repeated influenza vaccination
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Yosef Yarden
    Classically, the 3’untranslated region (3’UTR) is that region in eukaryotic protein-coding genes from the translation termination codon to the polyA signal. It is transcribed as an integral part of the mRNA encoded by the gene. However, there exists another kind of RNA, which consists of the 3’UTR alone, without all other elements in mRNA such as 5’UTR and coding region. The importance of independent 3’UTR RNA (referred as I3’UTR) was prompted by results of artificially introducing such RNA species into malignant mammalian cells. Since 1991, we found that the middle part of the 3’UTR of the human nuclear factor for interleukin-6 (NF-IL6) or C/EBP gene exerted tumor suppression effect in vivo. Our subsequent studies showed that transfection of C/EBP 3’UTR led to down-regulation of several genes favorable for malignancy and to up-regulation of some genes favorable for phenotypic reversion. Also, it was shown that the sequences near the termini of the C/EBP 3’UTR were important for its tumor suppression activity. Then, the C/EBP 3’UTR was found to directly inhibit the phosphorylation activity of protein kinase CPKC in SMMC-7721, a hepatocarcinoma cell line. Recently, an AU-rich region in the C/EBP 3’UTR was found also to be responsible for its tumor suppression. Recently we have also found evidence that the independent C/EBP 3’UTR RNA is actually exists in human tissues, such as fetal liver and heart, pregnant uterus, senescent fibroblasts etc. Through 1990’s to 2000’s, world scientists found several 3’UTR RNAs that functioned as artificial independent RNAs in cancer cells and resulted in tumor suppression. Interestingly, majority of genes for these RNAs have promoter-like structures in their 3’UTR regions, although the existence of their transcribed products as independent 3’UTR RNAs is still to be confirmed. Our studies indicate that the independent 3’UTR RNA is a novel non-coding RNA species whose function should be the regulation not of the expression of their original mRNA, but of some essential life activities of the cell as a whole.
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • R. K. Pandey
    Community oriented integrated ecosystem approach for conservation and sustainable management of forest genetic resources: Challenges in biodiversity conservation in natural tropical forests of India
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Chioma Nwakanma
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Ravindra Kumar Sinha
    Conserving river biodiversity in the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna river basin in the Indian sub-continent
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • J I R Udotong
    Toxicity of heavy metals and effect of their concentrations on biological productivity and diversity in freshwater ecosystem
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • I R Udotong
    Microbial diversity of a remote aviation fuel contaminated sediment of a Lentic ecosystem in Ibeno, Nigeria
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Rajan Kumar Gupta
    Algal diversity of freshwater streams of Schirmacher Oasis, Antarctica
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Ballagere Puttaraju Harini
    Distribution and divergence of few common termites species: A study at Jnanabharathi
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Robert D. Blackledge
    Anticipating an Advance in Forensic DNA
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Djillali Benouar
    A New Multidisciplinary Approach to Learn Lessons From Disasters (Forensic Investigations of Disasters (FORIN)): Researching Causes in Disasters
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Rainer Wortmann
    The Work of Supervisor Forensic Artists in Germany
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Alan Diego Briem Stamm
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • S K Dhattarwal
    PPT Version | PDF Version

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version