alexa Degradation of nerve gases by CLECS and cells: kinetics of heterogenous systems.
Environmental Sciences

Environmental Sciences

Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation

Author(s): Hoskin FC, Walker JE, Stote R

Abstract Share this page

Abstract We have reported the enzymatic hydrolysis of phosphoro- and phosphonofluoridates and phosphoro- and phosphonothiolates and -thionates by an organophosphorus hydrolase (OPH) from Pseudomonas diminuta. In screening for other microbial sources of nerve gas hydrolyzing enzymes, it would be convenient, indeed essential, to be able to determine such hydrolyses on intact cells. As a preliminary step to such screening we have measured the hydrolysis of O,O-diisopropyl S-(2-diisopropylaminoethyl) phosphorothiolate (Tetriso) and O,O-diethyl S-(2-ethylthioethyl) phosphorothiolate (Demeton-S; formerly Isosystox) by intact cells and sonicates. The purified OPH has also been cross-linked to itself (CLEC = cross-linked enzyme crystals) and this has also been tested for its ability to hydrolyze Tetriso and Demeton-S. The testing of such heterogenous systems by a spectrophotometric assay (Ellman) has required novel modifications. Our findings are that both Tetriso and Demeton-S are subject to intact-cell assay, that both are readily hydrolyzed by the CLEC-ed OPH without marked change in kinetics, but that at any given substrate concentration Tetriso is hydrolyzed much more rapidly. However, since Demeton-S is commercially available, this appears to be the substrate most suitable for screening for our final goal in a search for sources of enzymes to detoxify O-ethyl S-(2-diisopropylaminoethyl) methylphosphonothiolate (VX).
This article was published in Chem Biol Interact and referenced in Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 6th World Congress on Biofuels and Bioenergy
    Sep 5-6, 2017 London, UK
  • 6th World Congress on Biopolymers
    September 7-9, 2017 Paris, France
  • 7th International Conference and Exhibition on Biopolymers and Bioplastics
    October 19-21, 2017 San Francisco, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords