alexa Degradation of pectins with different degrees of esterification by Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron isolated from human gut flora.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Author(s): Dongowski G, Lorenz A, Anger H

Abstract Share this page

Abstract A complete human fecal flora and cultures of defined species obtained from fecal flora were investigated in vitro to determine their ability to ferment the dietary fiber pectin. Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron was tested as a pectin-degrading microorganism alone and in coculture with Escherichia coli. Macromolecular pectins with different degrees of esterification were used as substrates in microbial degradation studies. The levels of oligogalacturonic acids formed in batch cultures were estimated during a 24- or 48-h incubation period by using high-performance thin-layer chromatography and high-performance anion-exchange chromatography. The spectrum and the amount of unsaturated oligogalacturonic acids formed as intermediate products of pectin fermentation changed permanently in the culture media during incubation with the complete fecal flora. After 24 h, no oligogalacturonic acids were detected. The pectin-degrading activities of pure cultures of B. thetaiotaomicron were lower than the pectin-degrading activity of a complete fecal flora. Cocultures of B. thetaiotaomicron and E. coli exhibited intermediate levels of degradation activity. In pure cultures of E. coli no pectin-degrading activity was found. Additionally, the rate of pectin degradation was affected by the degree of esterification of the substrate. Saturated oligogalacturonic acids were not found during pectin fermentation. The disappearance of oligogalacturonic acids in the later stages of fermentation with both the complete fecal flora and B. thetaiotaomicron was accompanied by increased formation of short-chain fatty acids.
This article was published in Appl Environ Microbiol and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords