Author(s): Bouchez M, Blanchet D, Vandecasteele JP
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Abstract Six bacterial strains capable of using, as sole carbon and energy source, at least one of the following polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), naphthalene, fluorene, phenanthrene, anthracene, fluoranthene and pyrene, were isolated. The interactions between these PAH during their biodegradation were studied in experiments involving PAH pairs, one PAH at least being used as a carbon source. All individual strains were found capable of cometabolic degradation of PAH in a range varying among strains. Inhibition phenomena, sometimes drastic, were often observed but synergistic interactions were also detected. Naphthalene was toxic to all strains not isolated on this compound. Strain associations were found efficient in relieving inhibition phenomena, including the toxic effect of naphthalene. Accumulation of water-soluble metabolites was consistently observed during PAH degradation.
This article was published in Appl Microbiol Biotechnol
and referenced in Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation