alexa Degree of ERK activation influences both positive and negative thymocyte selection.


Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Mariathasan S, Ho SS, Zakarian A, Ohashi PS

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Abstract Considerable evidence suggests that the ERK pathway is required for positive but not negative thymocyte selection. Here, we report that ERK is highly activated in double-positive (DP) thymocytes expressing an MHC class I-restricted TCR (P14) in response to negatively selecting conditions, whereas ligands that trigger positive selection induced weaker ERK activation. Biochemical evidence also shows that death by neglect is associated with a further reduction in ERK activation. These findings are consistent with the affinity / avidity model of thymocyte selection. To further examine the role of ERK in negative selection we used the MEK-1 inhitibor, PD98059, a specific pharmacological inhibitor of the ERK pathway. Biochemical data demonstrated a reduction of ERK activity by PD98059 in the presence of the negatively selecting ligand. Analysis of P14 TCR-transgenic fetal thymic lobes cultured with PD98059 under negatively selecting conditions showed impaired clonal deletion of DP thymocytes and a concomitant increase in positive selection of functional mature, TCR(hi) transgenic T cells. This demonstrates that altering ERK activity switched negative to positive selection. Contrary to previous reports that show an exclusive role for ERK signaling in positive selection, our data demonstrate that negative selection is also sensitive to the degree of ERK activation. This article was published in Eur J Immunol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

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