alexa Degree of illiteracy and phonological and metaphonological skills in unschooled adults.


International Journal of School and Cognitive Psychology

Author(s): Loureiro Cde S, Braga LW, Souza Ldo N, Nunes Filho G, Queiroz E,

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Abstract Phonological and metaphonological skills are explored in 97 Brazilian illiterate and semiliterate adults. A simple letter- and word-reading task was used to define the degree of illiteracy. Phonemic awareness was strongly dependent on the level of letter and word reading ability. Phonological memory was very low in illiterates and unrelated to letter knowledge. Rhyme identification was relatively preserved in illiterates and semiliterates, and unrelated to letter and word reading level. Phonetic discrimination (minimal pairs) was fairly good and marginally related to reading ability. These results suggest that phonological sensitivity, phonological memory, rhyme identification, and phonemic awareness are distinctive cognitive processes, and that only phonemic awareness is clearly and strongly dependent on the alphabetical acquisition. This article was published in Brain Lang and referenced in International Journal of School and Cognitive Psychology

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