Author(s): de LangeBrokaar BJ, IoanFacsinay A, Yusuf E, Visser AW, Kroon HM,
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between synovitis on contrast enhanced (CE) MRI with microscopic and macroscopic features of synovial tissue inflammation. METHOD: Forty-one patients (mean age 60 years, 61\% women) with symptomatic radiographic knee OA were studied: twenty underwent arthroscopy (macroscopic features were scored (0-4), synovial biopsies obtained), twenty-one underwent arthroplasty (synovial tissues were collected). After haematoxylin and eosin staining, the lining cell layer, synovial stroma and inflammatory infiltrate of synovial tissues were scored (0-3). T1-weighted CE-MRI's (3 T) were used to semi-quantitatively score synovitis at 11 sites (0-22) according to Guermazi et al. Spearman's rank correlations were calculated. RESULTS: The mean (SD) MRI synovitis score was 8.0 (3.7) and the total histology grade was 2.5 (1.6). Median (range) scores of macroscopic features were 2 (1-3) for neovascularization, 1 (0-3) for hyperplasia, 2 (0-4) for villi and 2 (0-3) for fibrin deposits. The MRI synovitis score was significantly correlated with total histology grade [r = 0.6], as well as with lining cell layer [r = 0.4], stroma [r = 0.3] and inflammatory infiltrate [r = 0.5] grades. Moreover, MRI synovitis score was also significantly correlated with macroscopic neovascularization [r = 0.6], hyperplasia [r = 0.6] and villi [r = 0.6], but not with fibrin [r = 0.3]. CONCLUSION: Synovitis severity on CE-MRI assessed by a new whole knee scoring system by Guermazi et al. is a valid, non-invasive method to determine synovitis as it is significantly correlated with both macroscopic and microscopic features of synovitis in knee OA patients. Copyright © 2013 Osteoarthritis Research Society International. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Osteoarthritis Cartilage
and referenced in Clinical Pharmacology & Biopharmaceutics