Author(s): Ein SH, Langer JC
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Abstract BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: To assess the value of topical silver sulfadiazine (SSD) cream in the treatment of babies with a giant omphalocele. METHODS: From 1991 to 2008 inclusive, 20 infants with giant omphalocele (defined as >10 cm diameter) were treated with SSD, leaving a large ventral hernia to be repaired at a later date. RESULTS: There were 12 boys and 8 girls. Thirteen had prenatal ultrasound diagnosis at a mean gestational age of 23 weeks. The mean gestational age at delivery was 37 weeks, and mean birth weight was 2.5 kg. Nineteen had other anomalies and/or medical problems, 18 of them multiple. The most common was pulmonary hypoplasia (70\%). Mechanical ventilation and/or oxygen treatment was required in 15 (75\%) for a mean of 10 weeks. SSD was used as primary sac treatment in 5 and secondary treatment in 15 (after Silon pouch 11, Op-site 3, povidone-iodine 1). Six omphalocele sacs were ruptured within the first 5 days of life. SSD was used for a mean of 6 months at a cost of $1 per day. Complications included 2 instances of staphylococcal sepsis and 1 jejunal perforation inside a Silon pouch. Six (30\%) died from pulmonary hypoplasia at a mean age of 18 weeks. There were 14 (70\%) survivors who went home after a mean of 14 weeks. Of the 14 survivors, 12 had ventral hernias repaired (18 operations with 2 recurrences), and 2 remain with their original ventral hernia. CONCLUSIONS: Initial topical coverage with SSD is associated with excellent outcomes for infants with giant omphalocele who cannot undergo immediate closure. Copyright Â© 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in J Pediatr Surg
and referenced in Clinics in Mother and Child Health