alexa Demethylzeylasteral (T-96) Treatment Ameliorates Mice Lupus Nephritis Accompanied by Inhibiting Activation of NF-κB Pathway.
Dermatology

Dermatology

Journal of Dermatitis

Author(s): Hu Q, Yang C, Wang Q, Zeng H, Qin W, Hu Q, Yang C, Wang Q, Zeng H, Qin W

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Inflammation plays a vital role in the pathogenesis in lupus nephritis (LN), which is largely attributable to the activation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) signal pathway. NF-κB up-regulates pro-inflammatory mediators, such as TNF-α, cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) and ICAM-1, and promotes macrophage infiltration into renal tissue, further inducing the progression of LN. Over the past 30 years, research has demonstrated that Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F (TWHF) possesses potent anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive activities, and that demethylzeylasteral (T-96), an extract of TWHF, may be one of the responsible compounds. Here, we investigate the pharmacodynamic role and therapeutic mechanism by which T-96 suppresses inflammation and reduces renal pathology in the lupus-prone MRL/lpr mice. METHODS: Forty-eight MRL/lpr mice were equally randomly divided into 6 groups (1.2, 0.6 or 0.3 mg/10 g T-96, 0.022 pills/10 g kang lang chuang san (one of Traditional Chinese herb as positive control), 0.125 mg/10 g prednisone and 0.1 ml/10 g normal saline as the LN disease control group). Also, eight WT C57BL/6 mice were used as normal control. After treatment by gavage with 0.10 ml/10 g/day volumes for 8 weeks, all mice were sacrificed and renal tissues were collected. The amount of 24 h proteinuria and the levels of anti-dsDNA antibody in serum were assessed respectively at weeks 0, 4 and 8. Inflammation, cytokines and NF-κB levels were assessed by histological examinations, immunohistochemical analyses and Western blot analyses. RESULTS: In comparison with untreated MRL/lpr mice, mice treated with 1.2 and 0.6 mg/10 g of T-96 showed a significant improvement in 24 h proteinuria and the levels of anti-dsDNA antibody in serum. In addition, T-96 reduced the secretion of pro-inflammatory mediators such as TNF-α, COX-2 and ICAM-1, and the infiltration of macrophages in renal tissue. Moreover, T-96 significantly suppressed phosphorylations of cytoplasmic IKK and nuclear p65. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that T-96 exhibits reno-protective effects in LN accompanied by inhibiting the activation of NF-κB, reducing the downstream pro-inflammatory mediators and thus restricting macrophage infiltration. Because of these potent properties, T-96 should be considered as a promising therapeutic drug for LN.
This article was published in PLoS One and referenced in Journal of Dermatitis

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords