Author(s): Ekouevi KA
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Abstract PIP: The objectives of this paper are to examine the demographic and socioprofessional characteristics of migrants; to determine the principal motives of migration and the environmental factors that encourage migration from Nigeria; to define the socioeconomic realities of the life of migrants in Nigeria; and to present the migration situation on both the individual and group levels. Southeast Togo is discussed. A survey questionnaire was prepared and adminstered to the sample population in 5 villages. 75 male migrants and 25 female migrants were interviewed. They had been forced out of Nigeria and were over 15 years of age; women whose husbands had been interviewed were excluded. Data collection began in August of 1983. The study is not purported to be representative of all those forced to leave Nigeria, but simply has allowed quantitative analysis concepts to be applied. It was hypothesized that the extent of male migration was more important than that of females. The Apple II and IBM PC computers were used. It is concluded that the key to greater demographic stability lies in the general improvement of the economic and social situation. Rural development should be the focus of attention. Improving the quality of life and the progress of knowledge are determing factors of development. Agriculture represents an economic potential that may increase income and contribute to the well being of people. In the Southeast poor rain conditions can be dealt with by irrigation methods. A diversification of activities in rural areas is hoped for. Population studies are indispensible in order to obtain a clear concept of the functioning of societies. An optimist, active approach is urged.
This article was published in Etud Togol Popul
and referenced in Journal of Coastal Zone Management