Author(s): Venturoli G, FernndezVelasco JG, Crofts AR, Melandri BA
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Ubiquinone-10 can be extracted from lyophilized chromatophores of Rhodobacter sphaeroides (previously called Rhodopseudomonas sphaeroides) without significant losses in other components of the electron-transfer chain or irreversible damages in the membrane structure. The pool of ubiquinone can be restored with exogenous UQ-10 to sizes larger than the ones in unextracted membranes. The decrease in the pool size has marked effects on the kinetics of reduction of cytochrome b-561 induced by a single flash of light and measured in the presence of antimycin. The initial rate of reduction, which in unextracted preparations increases on reduction of the suspension over the Eh range between 170 and 100 mV (pH 7), is also stimulated in partially UQ-depleted membranes, although at more negative Eh's. When the UQ pool is completely extracted the rate of cytochrome (Cyt) b-561 reduction is low and unaffected by the redox potential. In membranes enriched in UQ-10 above the physiological level the titration curve of the rate of Cyt b-561 reduction is displaced to Eh values more positive than in controls. This effect is saturated when the size of the UQ pool is about 2-3 times larger than the native one. The reduction of Cyt b-561 always occurs a short time after the flash is fired; also the duration of this lag is dependent on Eh and on the size of the UQ pool. A decrease or an increase in the pool size causes a displacement of the titration curve of the lag to more negative or to more positive Eh's, respectively. Similarly, the lag becomes Eh independent and markedly longer than in controls when the pool is completely extracted. These results demonstrate that the rate of turnover of the ubiquinol oxidizing site in the b-c1 complex depends on the actual concentration of ubiquinol present in the membrane and that ubiquinol from the pool is oxidized at this site with a collisional mechanism. Kinetic analysis of the data indicates that this reaction obeys a Michaelis-Menten type equation, with a Km of 3-5 ubiquinol molecules per reaction center.
This article was published in Biochim Biophys Acta
and referenced in Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques