alexa Dendritic cell-based therapeutic vaccination against myeloma: vaccine formulation determines efficacy against light chain myeloma.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy

Author(s): Cohen S, Haimovich J, Hollander N

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Abstract Multiple myeloma is an incurable plasma cell malignancy. Immunotherapy in myeloma patients had limited success to date. We have previously demonstrated that dendritic cells (DCs) pulsed with autologous Ig Id induced Id-reactive CD8(+) T cells and protection against a myeloma tumor challenge. In this work, we studied the therapeutic efficacy of chemotherapy combined with different formulations of DC-based vaccines in mice bearing large plasma cell tumors. The comparative study demonstrated that s.c. injection of DCs loaded with Id coupled to keyhole limpet hemocyanin, s.c. injection of DCs loaded with irradiated tumor cells, and intratumoral injection of naive DCs were similarly effective in mediating tumor regression and long-term survival. However, whereas the Id-keyhole limpet hemocyanin-DC vaccine was inefficient against myeloma cells that lost expression of the Ig H chain, intratumoral injection of naive DCs and s.c. injection of DCs loaded with irradiated tumor cells were highly effective against cells producing L chains only. This may be of particular importance for patients with L chain myeloma. Given that T cells respond primarily to peptides derived from H chain CDRs, attempts to treat L chain disease with myeloma protein-pulsed DCs may be futile. Vaccination with tumor cell-loaded DCs may, however, induce an effective antitumor response.
This article was published in J Immunol and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy

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