Author(s): Harish Prashanth KV, Tharanathan RN
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Abstract Water-soluble low-molecular weight chitosan (LMWC) and chitooligosaccharides (COs) were obtained from chitosan (16\% N-acetylation) by depolymerization induced by potassium persulfate under nitrogen atmosphere for 2 h. They were characterized by IR, X-ray, HPLC and (13)C-NMR. Splitting of C3/C5 signals in the latter indicated a newer conformation, and also showed prominence of acetyl groups in LMWC, may be due to cleavage between two consecutive deacetylated residues. Molecular weight of LMWC, determined by HPSEC, showed a single peak of approximately 37 kDa. HPLC analysis of the solvent-extracted fraction revealed COs enriched with pentamer, hexamer and higher oligomers. The effect of LMWC and COs on the growth of Ehrlich ascites tumor (EAT) cells and tumor-induced neovascularization was studied. COs (50 microg) were more effective compared to LMWC (100 microg) and proved to be potent angioinhibitory and antitumor compounds, as shown by inhibition of angiogenesis and inducing apoptosis as a function of DNA fragmentation.
This article was published in Biochim Biophys Acta
and referenced in Journal of Biodiversity, Bioprospecting and Development