Author(s): Gin KY, Tang YZ, Aziz MA, Gin KY, Tang YZ, Aziz MA
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Abstract An equilibrium model for describing the relationships between important parameters for heavy metal sorption by algae was derived through a thermodynamics approach. In this model, both the removal efficiency of heavy metal and metal adsorption per unit algal biomass are considered to be simple functions of the ratio of algal biomass concentration to the initial metal concentration for selected conditions, i.e. as at constant pH and temperature. The model was found to fit the experimental results well (judged by the correlation-regression coefficient, R2), for the adsorption of cadmium, copper, lead and zinc by two algal species, Oocystis sp. (both living and non-living) and Chlorococcum sp. The applicability of the model was also supported by the reprocessed results of experimental data given in the literature, i.e. for the metal species, Cd, Pb, Cu and Ag, the algal species, Chlorella vulgaris, Scenedesmus quadricauda and Cladophora crispata, and both batch and continuous fixed-bed reactors. It was also demonstrated that the model could be applied over a broad range of pH for cadmium and copper adsorption by Oocystis sp. However, the model was not applicable at very low and high pH levels, due to negligible adsorption and precipitation, respectively.
This article was published in Water Res
and referenced in Journal of Bioprocessing & Biotechniques