Author(s): Gahr N, FlsterHolst R, Weichenthal M, Christophers E, Schrder JM,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: The presence of eosinophils and/or eosinophil-derived products in the dermis is characteristic for involved skin of patients with atopic dermatitis and contributes to the observed tissue injury. CCL11 is a potent chemoattractant and activator of human eosinophils and interleukin (IL)-4 is a potent inducer of CCL11 expression in dermal fibroblasts. OBJECTIVES: As increased fibroblast CCL11 expression may explain eosinophilic infiltration of involved skin areas in atopic dermatitis, we asked whether dermal fibroblasts from atopic patients differ from fibroblasts of healthy individuals in their ability to express CCL11. METHODS: We compared IL-4-induced CCL11 mRNA expression using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction from cultured dermal fibroblasts derived from biopsies of chronic lesional and acute lesional atopic skin as well as from skin biopsies derived from normal skin of healthy donors. RESULTS: Considerable variability in IL-4-induced relative CCL11 mRNA expression was detected in fibroblasts derived from biopsies of different individuals. The lowest median IL-4 concentration inducing half maximal CCL11 mRNA expression (EC(50)) was found in fibroblasts derived from acute inflamed atopic lesions. CONCLUSIONS: Inducibility of CCL11 in dermal fibroblasts upon stimulation with Th2 cytokines explains the tissue eosinophilia observed in the presence of Th2 cytokines and the localization of eosinophils to the dermis. Decreased EC(50) values of IL-4-induced CCL11 expression in fibroblasts from acute inflamed atopic skin lesions indicates increased IL-4 responsiveness in these lesions and further substantiates the special role for IL-4-induced dermal fibroblast CCL11 expression in acute lesions. Variable CCL11 expression in fibroblasts from different patients with atopic dermatitis indicates heterogeneity of factors determining atopic phenotype in atopic dermatitis. © 2011 The Authors. BJD © 2011 British Association of Dermatologists.
This article was published in Br J Dermatol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology