Author(s): Habeeb AG, Praveen Rao PN, Knaus EE
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Abstract 4,5-Diphenyl-4-isoxazolines (13a-k) possessing a variety of substituents (H, F, MeS, MeSO2) at the para position of one of the phenyl rings were synthesized for evaluation as analgesic and selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitory antiinflammatory (AI) agents. Although the 4,5-phenyl-4-isoxazolines (13a-d,f), which do not have a C-3 Me substituent, exhibited potent analgesic and AI activities, those compounds evaluated (13a, 13b, 13h, and 13k) were not selective inhibitors of COX-2. In contrast, 2,3-dimethyl-5-(4-methylsulfonylphenyl)-4-phenyl-4-isoxazoline (13j) exhibited excellent analgesic and AI activities, and it was a potent and selective COX-2 inhibitor (COX-1, IC(50) = 258 microM; COX-2, IC(50) = 0.004 microM). A related compound 13k having a F substituent at the para position of the 4-phenyl ring was also a selective (SI = 3162) but less potent (IC(50) = 0.0316 microM) inhibitor of COX-2 than 13j. A molecular modeling (docking study) for 13j showed that the S atom of the MeSO2 substituent is positioned about 6.46 A inside the entrance to the COX-2 secondary pocket (Val(523)) and that a C-3 Me (13j, 13k) central isoxazoline ring substituent is crucial to selective inhibition of COX-2 for this class of compounds.
This article was published in J Med Chem
and referenced in Chemical Sciences Journal