alexa Destruction of rat islet cell monolayers by cytokines. Synergistic interactions of interferon-gamma, tumor necrosis factor, lymphotoxin, and interleukin 1.


Immunome Research

Author(s): Pukel C, Baquerizo H, Rabinovitch A, Pukel C, Baquerizo H, Rabinovitch A

Abstract Share this page

Abstract An assay was developed to detect the cytotoxic effects of cytokines on rat pancreatic islet cells in monolayer culture. Cell lysis was detected by a 51Cr-release assay after 4 days of incubation with various cytokines. When tested alone, murine (rat and mouse) interferon-gamma (mIFN-gamma) produced a small dose-dependent lysis of islet cells; human IFN-gamma, mouse IFN-alpha/beta, interleukins 1 and 2 (IL-1 and IL-2), tumor necrosis factor (TNF), and lymphotoxin (LT) were inactive. When added together, the following combinations of cytokines showed synergistic cytotoxic effects: TNF (or LT) plus IL-1, TNF (or LT) plus mIFN-gamma, and IL-1 plus mIFN-gamma. These results indicate that the cytokine products of mononuclear cells of the immune system, IFN-gamma, TNF, LT, and IL-1 have strong synergistic cytotoxic effects on islet cells and therefore may act as direct chemical mediators of islet beta-cell destruction in type I (insulin-dependent) diabetes.
This article was published in Diabetes and referenced in Immunome Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version