alexa Detection of 2H-1,4-thiazine-5,6-dihydro-3,5-dicarboxylic acid (lanthionine ketimine) in the bovine brain by a fluorometric assay.


Biochemistry & Physiology: Open Access

Author(s): Ricci G, Vesci L, Nardini M, Arduini A, Storto S,

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Abstract A new sulfur imino acid, 2H-1,4-thiazine-5,6-dihydro-3,5-dicarboxylic acid (lanthionine ketimine), has been detected in the bovine brain by means of fluorometric and HPLC procedures. The fluorometric assay is based on the fluorescent property of the copper-ketimine interaction product at pH 11.5. Other ketimines do not fluoresce in these conditions. The fluorophore exhibits an excitation maximum at 353 nm and an emission at 462 nm and is stable for at least 24 h. In the test conditions the fluorescence is proportional to the ketimine concentration from 1 to 200 microM. Detection of endogenous lanthionine ketimine has been performed after a simple enrichment procedure (brain deproteinization and extraction with diethyl ether) which minimizes degradative by-reactions of the unstable ketimine. The concentration of this new sulfur imino acid in the brain ranges from 0.5 to 1 nmol/g in three different samples. Identification and quantitations were confirmed by an HPLC procedure which takes advantage of the selective absorption at 380 nm of the phenylisothiocyanate-ketimine adduct. The identification of lanthionine ketimine in nervous tissues may have important metabolic and physiological implications.
This article was published in Biochim Biophys Acta and referenced in Biochemistry & Physiology: Open Access

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