Author(s): Sixbey JW, Shirley P, Chesney PJ, Buntin DM, Resnick L, Sixbey JW, Shirley P, Chesney PJ, Buntin DM, Resnick L
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Abstract The prevalence of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) type B, which was previously found mainly in equatorial Africa, was investigated with the polymerase chain reaction in a population of healthy adults in Memphis, Tennessee. EBV was detected in the throat washings of 34 (22\%) of 157 randomly selected donors, 14 (41\%) of whom had type B virus and 17 (50\%) type A; 3 donors (9\%) had both strains. 18 additional adults with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) infection and 6 severely immunocompromised children were also investigated. Results indicated that type B EBV is widespread in nature and may be reactivated by immunodeficiency.
This article was published in Lancet
and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research