alexa Detection of KRAS and BRAF mutations in colorectal carcinoma roles for high-sensitivity locked nucleic acid-PCR sequencing and broad-spectrum mass spectrometry genotyping.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Molecular Biomarkers & Diagnosis

Author(s): Arcila M, Lau C, Nafa K, Ladanyi M

Abstract Share this page

Abstract KRAS and BRAF mutations predict the resistance of colorectal carcinomas to therapy targeted to the epidermal growth factor receptor, but their detection can be challenging because of high testing volume, frequently low tumor content, and the spectrum of rarer mutations in these genes. To address these issues, we evaluated a locked nucleic acid (LNA)-PCR sequencing assay to detect low levels of mutant DNA, and we also evaluated a mass spectrometry genotyping assay (Sequenom, San Diego, CA) that is suitable for broad mutation screening. Clinical cases (n = 308) previously tested for KRAS and BRAF by standard sequencing were retested by LNA-PCR sequencing incorporating an LNA oligonucleotide to suppress amplification of nonmutant DNA, and by a Sequenom assay panel targeting common mutations in both genes. Standard sequencing detected 121 KRAS (39\%) and 10 BRAF mutations; retesting with the LNA-based method and the Sequenom assay detected 19 (140/308, 45\%) and 6 (127/308, 41\%) additional KRAS mutants, respectively. One additional BRAF mutant was detected by the Sequenom assay. The analytical sensitivities were 0.3\% for both KRAS and BRAF by LNA-PCR and from 1\% to 10\% for the Sequenom assays, depending on the specific mutation. Given these results, standard sequencing is suboptimal for mutation detection in metastatic and treated lesions even with predissection for tumor enrichment. High-sensitivity LNA-PCR sequencing detects significantly more mutations, whereas the Sequenom platform shows intermediate sensitivity but offers significant advantages for broader mutation screening. Copyright © 2011 American Society for Investigative Pathology and the Association for Molecular Pathology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in J Mol Diagn and referenced in Journal of Molecular Biomarkers & Diagnosis

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords