alexa Detection of micronuclei formation and nuclear anomalies in regenerative nodules of human cirrhotic livers and relationship to hepatocellular carcinoma


Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis

Author(s): de Almeida TM, Leito RC, Andrade JD, Beak W, Carrilho FJ

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Human cirrhosis is considered an important factor in hepatocarcinogenesis. The lack of substantial genetics and cytogenetics data in human cirrhosis led us to investigate spontaneous micronuclei formation, as an indicator of chromosomal damage. The analysis was performed in hepatocytes of regenerative, macroregenerative, and tumoral nodules from 30 cases of cirrhosis (paraffin-embedded archival material), retrospectively selected: cryptogenic, hepatitis C virus, and hepatitis C virus associated with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Thirteen control liver samples of healthy organ donors were included. Micronucleated hepatocytes were analyzed with Feulgen-fast-green dyeing techniques. The spontaneous frequency of micronucleated hepatocytes in both regenerative and macroregenerative nodules of all cirrhotic patients was significantly higher than for the normal control group. There was no significant difference in frequency of micronucleated hepatocytes in regenerative nodules compared with macroregenerative nodules for all cases analyzed, whereas a significantly higher frequency of micronucleated hepatocytes was detected in tumoral nodules, compared with cirrhotic regenerative nodules and normal parenchyma. A higher frequency of the nuclear anomalies termed broken-eggs was observed in hepatitis C virus-related samples. Chromatinic losses and genotoxicity already existed in the cirrhotic regenerative nodules, which might predispose to development of HCC.

This article was published in Cancer Genet Cytogenet and referenced in Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis

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