alexa Detection of nitric oxide in culture media and studies on nitric oxide formation by marine microalgae.
Agri and Aquaculture

Agri and Aquaculture

Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development

Author(s): Zhang ZB, Liu CY, Wu ZZ, Xing L, Li PF

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Abstract BACKGROUND: Multiple functions of nitric oxide (NO) in organisms and its special function and role in the atmosphere were investigated. In this study, marine microalga culture-medium NO concentrations were detected and studied in order to find the laws governing NO release by marine microalgae and relevant material was collected for discussion on the production mechanisms. MATERIAL/METHODS: NO concentrations in culture media of the marine microalgae Platymonas subcordiformis, Skeletonema costatum, and Gymnodinium sp. were detected and other media parameters, such as nutrients concentrations, Chl-a, alga cell density, and pH, were also measured concurrently. RESULTS: The NO concentrations in culture media of the marine microalgae Platymonas subcordiformis, Skeletonema costatum, and Gymnodinium sp. were detected and found to be about 10(-8)-10(-9) mol/l. The relationships between NO and nutrients and NO and pH were discussed. It was found that "NO" could serve as the message factor of microalga growth status. Experiments showed that factors affecting alga growth, such as trace elements, light, temperature, and salinity, all affected the culture-medium NO concentration. At the same time, an environmental stimulus could give rise to sudden NO peaks, with NO being a signal molecule of marine microalga stress response. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicated that low concentrations of NO were produced by marine phytoplankton (microalgae) under the condition of normal growth. NO is a message factor of microalga growth and is also a signal molecule of stress response.
This article was published in Med Sci Monit and referenced in Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development

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