Author(s): Quiroga B, Verde E, Abad S, Vega A, Goicoechea M,
Abstract Share this page
Abstract BACKGROUND: Nonocclusive mesenteric ischemia (NOMI) is an emerging condition in hemodialysis (HD) patients not widely studied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted between 2003 and 2011. NOMI cases were recorded, and demographic, clinical, biochemical, and HD parameters were collected. This group was compared with a control group (n = 93). Risk factors, prognosis, and survival were analyzed. RESULTS: There were 57 episodes of NOMI (incidence, 2.29 episodes per 100 patients/y). Cecum was the most frequently affected segment. Nineteen patients (33\%) underwent surgery. Twenty-six patients (59\%) did not survive the acute episode. Cecal damage was the only protective factor associated with mortality (relative risk [RR], 0.712; P = 0.044). The incidence of NOMI was related to erythropoietin resistance index, diabetes mellitus, and longer time on HD compared with control group (RR, 6.92, P = 0.009; RR, 9.98, P = 0.005; and RR, 1.017, P < 0.001, respectively). Mortality in survival NOMI patients was higher at 4-y follow-up compared with that in the control group (log-rank, 15.5; P < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: NOMI is associated with erythropoietin resistance index, diabetes mellitus, and longer time on HD. Hypotension must be avoided in these high-risk patients to prevent NOMI. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in J Surg Res
and referenced in Internal Medicine: Open Access