Author(s): Saum AG, Cumming RH, Rowell FJ
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Abstract As a step towards developing a biosensor which can detect airborne protease droplets, a biosensor which had previously been developed to detect protease in solution is shown to be capable of detecting different concentrations of protease in liquid films on the sensor surface in air. The biosensor measured impedance change due to proteolytic digestion of its gelatin coating. In saturated air there was a rise in impedance, with a loss in weight of the gelatin, in proportion to collagenase concentration. The addition of glycerol to the gelatin caused a lower impedance response and smaller loss in weight. A critical thickness of the gelatin layer prior to a more rapid change in the rate of impedance was noted, with and without the addition of glycerol. In low air humidity (40\%), with gelatin, all collagenase concentrations produced a very similar rapid increase in impedance. However, with glycerol-enhanced gelatin, there was a clear distinction between the extent of impedance change with different collagenase concentrations. The application of these findings for use in the field of bioaerosol sampling is discussed.
This article was published in Biosens Bioelectron
and referenced in Journal of Bioengineering & Biomedical Science