Author(s): Murray T Brown
The purpose of this chapter is to provide a synthesis of the very extensive literature pertaining to the factors that influence the uptake, accumulation and handling of trace metals by marine biota. For more extensive reviews refer to the key references: Eisler (1981), Fowler (1990), Samiullah (1990), Vernet (1991), Bryan and Langston (1992) and Tessier and Turner (1995). The literature is replete with examples of the quantification of metal concentrations in an array of marine organisms collected from numerous locations. However, it is evident that information concerning the factors that determine the metal burdens of these organisms is patchy, with certain groups more thoroughly investigated than others; for example, contrast the molluscs with macroalgae.