Author(s): Thrailkill KM, Jo CH, Cockrell GE, Moreau CS, Lumpkin CK Jr,
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Abstract To determine whether undercarboxylated osteocalcin (UC-OC) or gamma-carboxyglutamic-carboxylated-type osteocalcin (GLA-OC) concentrations deviate from normal in type 1 diabetes (T1D), serum levels were compared between 115 subjects with T1D and 55 age-matched healthy controls. UC-OC and GLA-OC concentrations were similar between groups; however, in T1D, UC-OC correlated positively with markers of insulin exposure, either endogenously produced or exogenously administered. INTRODUCTION: A study was conducted to determine whether dysregulation of circulating concentrations of UC-OC or GLA-OC occurs in patients with type 1 diabetes, a condition of insulin deficiency without insulin resistance. METHODS: We measured serum concentrations of UC-OC and GLA-OC in 115 subjects with T1D, ages 14-40 years, and in 55 age-matched healthy control subjects. Relationships between UC-OC and GLA-OC concentrations and patient characteristics (gender and age), indices of glycemic control (hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), fasting plasma glucose, C-peptide concentration, 3-day average glucose measured by a continuous glucose sensor, total daily insulin dose) and circulating indices of skeletal homeostasis (total calcium, 25-OH vitamin D, parathyroid hormone, insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), type 1 collagen degradation fragments (CTX), adiponectin, leptin) were examined. Between group differences in the concentrations of UC-OC and GLA-OC were the main outcome measures. RESULTS: Although adiponectin levels were higher in the T1D group, between-group comparisons did not reveal statistically significant differences in concentration of UC-OC, GLA-OC, CTX or leptin between the T1D and control populations. Instead, by multivariate regression modeling, UC-OC was correlated with younger age (p < 0.001), higher CTX (p < 0.001), lower HbA1c (p = 0.013), and higher IGF-1 (p = 0.086). Moreover, within the T1D subgroup, UC-OC was positively correlated with C-peptide/glucose ratio (reflecting endogenous insulin secretion), with IGF-1 (reflecting intra-portal insulin sufficiency), and with total daily insulin dose. CONCLUSIONS: In T1D, UC-OC appears to correlate positively with markers of insulin exposure, either endogenously produced or exogenously administered.
This article was published in Osteoporos Int
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism