Author(s): Blasco C, Font G, Pic Y
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Abstract A quantitative matrix solid-phase dispersion and liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry (LC-APCI-MS) method is outlined for the simultaneous analysis of dithiocarbamates (DTCs) and their degradation products in plants. Compounds analyzed are dazomet, disulfiram, thiram and the metabolites ethylenthiourea and propylenthiourea. The performance of two different sample preparation protocols, the proposed one and other based on solid-phase extraction, as well as, of both atmospheric pressure ionization sources, APCI and electrospray, were compared. The effect of several parameters on the extraction, separation and detection was studied. Dithiocarbamates and metabolites were dispersed with carbograph, eluted with a mixture of dichloromethane-methanol, and then, identified by monitoring the base peak of the spectra corresponding to [M + H]+. The method was validated for avocados, cherries, lemons, nuts, oat, oranges, peaches, rice and tomatoes. Average recoveries varied from 33 to 109\%, and relative standard deviation were between 4 and 21\% with limits of quantification ranged from 0.25 to 2.5 mg kg(-1), except for thiram and disulfiram, which were not recovered from fruits with high acid content. The procedure was applied to the determination of DTCs and their metabolites in fruits, vegetables and cereals taken from different markets of Valencia, Spain.
This article was published in J Chromatogr A
and referenced in Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques