alexa Determination of lipoic acid in rat plasma by LC-MS MS with electrospray ionization: assay development, validation and application to a pharamcokinetic study.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques

Author(s): Trivedi RK, Kallem RR, Mamidi RN, Mullangi R, Srinivas NR

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Abstract A simple, sensitive and specific LC-MS/MS method for the determination of lipoic acid was developed and validated over the linearity range 5-1000 ng/mL (r2 > 0.99) with 200 microL rat plasma using rosigliatzone as an internal standard (IS). The assay procedure involved a simple one-step liquid-liquid extraction of lipoic acid and IS from plasma into ethyl acetate. The organic layer was separated and evaporated under a gentle stream of nitrogen at 40 degrees C. The residue was reconstituted in the mobile phase and injected onto a Hichrom RPB column (4.6 x 250 mm, 5 microm). Separation of lipoic acid and IS was achieved with a mobile phase consisting of 0.05 M formic acid:acetonitrile (40:60, v/v) at a flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. The API-3000 LC-MS/MS was operated under the multiple reaction monitoring mode (MRM) using the electrospray ionization technique. Positive and negative ion acquisition within the same chromatographic run was used in the present method. For lipoic acid a pseudo-molecular ion transition pair was acquired in negative polarity, whereas for IS the transition pair was acquired in positive polarity. Quantitation was determined for both analyte and IS in MRM scan mode. Absolute recovery of lipoic acid and IS was >70 and 97\%, respectively. The lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) of lipoic acid was 5.0 ng/mL. The inter- and intra-day precision in the measurement of quality control (QC) samples 5, 15, 400 and 800 ng/mL were in the range 2.18-5.99\% relative standard deviation (RSD) and 0.93-13.77\% RSD, respectively. Accuracy in the measurement of QC samples was in the range 87.40-114.40\% of the nominal values. Analyte and IS were stable in the battery of stability studies, viz. bench-top, auto-sampler and freeze-thaw cycles. Stability of lipoic acid was established for 1 month at -80 degrees C. The application of the assay to a pharmacokinetic study in rats confirmed the utility of the assay. 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. This article was published in Biomed Chromatogr and referenced in Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques

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