Author(s): Estrela RC, Ribeiro FS, Seixas BV, SuarezKurtz G
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Abstract A method based on liquid-liquid extraction followed by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with positive ion electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS) detection was developed for the simultaneous determination of lopinavir (LPV) and ritonavir (RTV) in human blood, semen and saliva samples. The acquisition was performed in multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode, monitoring the transitions: m/z 629 > 447.1 for LPV, 721.18 > 268.02 for RTV and m/z 747.22 > 322.03 for the internal standard (IS). The limit of quantification was 1 ng/mL for both analytes in all matrices. The method was linear in the studied range (1-2000 ng/mL for LPV and 1-200 ng/mL for RTV), with r2 > 0.99 for each drug, and the run time was 4.5 min. The intra-assay precisions (\%) were in the ranges of 0.1-14.2 (LPV) and 0.4-12.7 (RTV), the inter-assay precisions were in the ranges of 2.8-15.3 (LPV) and 1.1-12.8 (RTV) and the intra-and inter-assay recoveries were >85\% for both drugs. The extraction efficiencies were 73.5-118.4\% for LPV and 74.4-126.2\% for RTV. The analytical method was applied to measure LPV and RTV concentrations in blood plasma (total and unbound fraction), saliva and semen of six HIV+ individuals under stable treatment with Kaletra soft gel capsules. The results were consistent with previously published data.
This article was published in Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom
and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta