Author(s): Linsinger TP, Fhrer M, Kandler W, Schuhmacher R
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Abstract Laboratories are increasingly urged to submit full uncertainties of their analytical results rather than only standard deviations. The determination of measurement uncertainties in compliance with the Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement (GUM) is demonstrated using the validation approach explicitly endorsed by the recent edition of the EURACHEM guide for the determination of measurement uncertainty. Measurement uncertainty was split into uncertainty of the sample mass, uncertainty of the concentration of the stock standard solution, uncertainty of the calibration and uncertainty connected to within- and between-series precision. Uncertainties of sample mass and of the concentration of the stock standard solution were 0.26 and 1.14\% for all analytes, which is negligible compared with the contributions of precision and calibration. Uncertainty of calibration was estimated from the calibration graph. Relative uncertainty of calibration was found to be strongly concentration dependent and to be the main uncertainty contribution below 0.2 microgram L-1. Precision was split into within-series and between-series standard deviation, which dominate the combined standard uncertainty at higher concentrations. The results obtained from these calculations are compared with results for a certified reference material and with the performance in an interlaboratory comparison. It was found that all results agreed within their uncertainty with the target values, showing that the estimated uncertainties are realistic.
This article was published in Analyst
and referenced in Modern Chemistry & Applications